In this course, our focus is on the potential dysfunction of the second six signs, Libra through Pisces, and their corollary planetary rulers. Special attention is given to hard aspects from outer planets and their relationship to intrapsychic conflict, defense, and symptom formation. Colleagues explore how human suffering can be a catalyst to the development and actualization of inherent capacities. In examining the etiology of pathology, conventional theories of causation are compared and coordinated with traditional ideas of fate, karma, and reincarnation.